Searching for a Moderate Alternative: the Philippine Experience in the 1980s
Armando Malay, Jr.(Asian Center, University of the Philippines)
- 이 글은 5·18 21주년 기념 제2차 국제학술대회<동남아시아의 식민주의, 권위주의 민주주의 및 인권> 2001년 5월 15-17일, 광주에서 발표된 논문임.
- 전문은 첨부파일에 있음.
Recently another stirring demonstration of an urban uprising, Philippine style, was staged along the same thoroughfare -- Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, abbreviated as EDSA -- which witnessed its first eponymous "miracle" 15 years previous. In January 2001 as in February 1986, the same pride over a job well done, the same satisfaction over having defended democracy and the civic spirit was apparent. Yet there is something troubling in the realization that People Power had to be reprised in order to oust a corrupt, abusive and cynical chief of state who had, nevertheless, won in a fair election by the biggest margin ever recorded in the history of the republic. It is as if the first "miracle of EDSA" had failed to institute a mature and lasting order; indeed, as if the democratic ideal had engendered its own antithesis and in such a short time. A cold and detached reappraisal of the metaphysical discourse, and its practical consequences, is surely called for.